Monthly Archives: May 2016

Old Testament from 35,000 Feet – Megiddo (Part B)

The Via Maris (International Coastal Highway) or the Way of the Sea a key trade route. It was guarded by the city of Megiddo. This was a very strategic location in the ancient world.

Israel during the rule of Solomon had control over this area and was a time of great wealth for the nation.


NT Wright on Philemon

Have you ever read Philemon?

It is one of the one chapter books of the New Testament that often gets overlooked.

In the video above, noted scholar and author NT Wright shares his observations about this little book and how it shows the Christian message in action. He read it when he was 5 years old and it has stuck in his thoughts. He makes the intriguing comment, if only Philemon had survived from the early writings, we would have gained a good window into what Christian believed and how radical this faith was and is.

Wright beautifully sums up the power of the letter by remarking how Paul has figuratively placed one arm onto Onesimus (the run-away slave) and his other arm to Philemon (his partner/supporter in Gospel work) thereby modeling the reconciling love of Christ who has outstretched his arms on the cross linking Jew and Gentile, black and white, male and female, slave and free. We need to see this kind of radical barrier breaking just as much today. This is what the amazing and powerful Gospel of Jesus can do!

Below is the full text of the letter to Philemon.

Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother,

To Philemon our dear friend and co-worker, to Apphia our sister, to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church in your house:

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

When I remember you in my prayers, I always thank my God because I hear of your love for all the saints and your faith toward the Lord Jesus. I pray that the sharing of your faith may become effective when you perceive all the good that we may do for Christ. I have indeed received much joy and encouragement from your love, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you, my brother.

For this reason, though I am bold enough in Christ to command you to do your duty, yet I would rather appeal to you on the basis of love—and I, Paul, do this as an old man, and now also as a prisoner of Christ Jesus. I am appealing to you for my child, Onesimus, whose father I have become during my imprisonment. Formerly he was useless to you, but now he is indeed useful both to you and to me. I am sending him, that is, my own heart, back to you. I wanted to keep him with me, so that he might be of service to me in your place during my imprisonment for the gospel; but I preferred to do nothing without your consent, in order that your good deed might be voluntary and not something forced. Perhaps this is the reason he was separated from you for a while, so that you might have him back forever, no longer as a slave but more than a slave, a beloved brother—especially to me but how much more to you, both in the flesh and in the Lord.

So if you consider me your partner, welcome him as you would welcome me. If he has wronged you in any way, or owes you anything, charge that to my account. I, Paul, am writing this with my own hand: I will repay it. I say nothing about your owing me even your own self. Yes, brother, let me have this benefit from you in the Lord! Refresh my heart in Christ. Confident of your obedience, I am writing to you, knowing that you will do even more than I say.

One thing more—prepare a guest room for me, for I am hoping through your prayers to be restored to you.

Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus, sends greetings to you, and so do Mark, Aristarchus, Demas, and Luke, my fellow workers.

The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.

Observation – a key step in preparing a Bible study

Check out this video to get some practical advice on how to go about observing the Bible text when you are studying the Bible!

Who is Bart Ehrman? & What is he saying/writing?

You may have heard of Bart Ehrman. He labors in academic New Testament scholarship. He has also waded into pop culture to make his skepticism about the New Testament known. People who call into question the reliability of Scripture will often cite him. How good are his arguments?

Hat tip to Wintery Knight for highlighting a podcast from Stand to Reason (look for Michael Kruger on Bart Ehrman’s claim we can’t trust the Holy Week Gospel accounts, Apr 01, 2016) that gives a good summary of Ehrman, his personal story, the arguments he is making, and what are the weaknesses of his views.

Old Testament from 35,000 Feet-Megiddo (Part A)

Why was Israel such a “big deal” in its day?

Location, location, location … it was on the trading routes of the major powers of the region!


2-3 July 2016 What is Mark’s Gospel?

Upcoming event of Bible study training and talks on special topics including Hebraic and Graeco-Roman perspectives of Mark, Genesis and genetics, and Jesus’ teachings on marriage and divorce.


Interpretation – Huh, horns? Appreciating the metaphor

Recently was reading Psalm 75 and came across “horn(s)” four times in the passage and wondered what is that all about?

vv. 4-5

I say to the boastful, ‘Do not boast,’
    and to the wicked, ‘Do not lift up your horn;
do not lift up your horn on high,
    or speak with haughty neck.’”

v. 10

All the horns of the wicked I will cut off,
    but the horns of the righteous shall be lifted up.

The Psalm is clearly about the reality that God is the Judge and that is explicitly stated in v. 7 but what are the horns all about?

This is a case where we need a reference work to give us a window into the Ancient Near East usage of metaphors. I turned to Bible Background Commentary – Old Testament and on p. 541 it said, “See the comment on ‘horn’ in the sidebar on common metaphors in Psalms.” Thus, I turned to that item on p. 514 where there was a paragraph on how horns were used in the iconography of the Ancient Near East. For instance, deities were often portrayed as having horns emanating from their crowns. Thus, the bottom line is that horns are used as a symbol for power.

Plug that into the Psalm and it makes sense! God, the judge, will cut down the power of the wicked and vindicate the power of the righteous.

An ibex in the Negev desert.
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